Lucca is about an hour and 20 mins from Florence by train. It is an old medieval town with walls so thick around it that they are wide enough to walk or cycle all around about 20 feet about the town (c 4km) – see below. Great way to get bearings before descending into the town to explore. It is delightful and strong on artisanal products – leather and cashmere especially as well as a foodie spot. It also has 101 churches they say – I had a church free day though:). AND, hooray – far less tourists too. A really nice day out from Florence.
Lucca town and surrounding medieval walls